Victor VASARELY

Born April 9, 1906, in Pécs, Hungary 1927/1929 Studies at Alexandre Bortnyik's "Mühely" Academy in Budapest 1930/1935 Settles in Paris. Works as a graphic artist for various advertising agencies. Begins his "Zebra" studies. 1936/1945 Assembles an important graphic body of work developing his own plastic language. Inaugurates the Denise René gallery with a one-man show. 1946/1948 After a period of figurative expression, he decidedly opts for a constructivist and geometric abstract art, giving special attention to perspective "sans point de fuite". Experiments with the use of transparencies and color projections, produces some tapestries, and publishes his first edition of prints. Participates regularly in the "Salon des Surindépendants", in his first "Salon des Réalités Nouvelles" (1947), and in the exhibit "Tendances de l'Art Abstrait" (1948) at the Denise René gallery in Paris, where he exhibits regularly. 1952/1959 Introduces new materials (aluminum, glass) and completes several architectural integrations, such as "Hommage à Malevitch". Finishes a series of murals for the University of Caracas. Pursues an important chapter in his graphic work. Publishes his "Manifeste Jaune" in 1955. Receives the Critics Award in Brussels, and the Gold Medal at the Milan Triennial. Participates in numerous exhibits, including "Le Mouvement" (1955) at the Denise René gallery in Paris, "50 Ans d'Art Moderne" (1958) at the "Palais International des Beaux-Arts" in Brussels, and "Inaugural Selection" (1959) at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York. One-man shows at the Buenos Aires and Caracas Museums of Art, also at the 'Der Spiegel' gallery in Cologne. 1960/1965 Receives the International Guggenheim Award in New York and the "Grand Prix de la Gravure" at Ljubljana, Participates in numerous collective exhibits, particularly "The Responsive Eye" at the New York Museum of Modern Art. Many personal exhibits around the world, including one at the "Musée des Arts Décoratifs" in Paris, at the "Palais des Beaux-Arts" in Brussels, at the Pace Gallery in New York, and at the Bern "Kunsthalle". 1966/1969 Completes several architectural integrations, including one for the French pavilion at the Montreal "Exposition Universelle". Completes two films, "Les Multiples" and "Précinetisme". Participates in numerous exhibits, including "Dix Ans d'Art Vivant" (1968) at the Maeght Foundation, "Lumière et Mouvement" at the "Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris" (1967). One-man show, "Folklore Planetaire", at the Denise René gallery in Paris. VASARELY interviews by Jean-Louis Ferrier are published. Exhibits at the Sidney Janis Gallery in New York, "Der Spiegel" gallery in Cologne, and at the Budapest "Palais des Beaux-Arts". 1970/1975 Inauguration of the VASARELY Museum in Gordes (Vaucluse). Publishes the book "Plasti-cité" and receives the International Art Book Award for "VASARELY II". Designs the set for the Racine Opera "Bérenice", performed in Hungary. 1976/1982 Inauguration of the VASARELY Foundation in Aix-en-Provence and the VASARELY Museum in his hometown, Pécs, Hungary (1978). One-man show at the Caracas Museum of Contemporary Art (1977) and at the Phoenix Art Museum (1979). The French-Soviet team of cosmonauts of the "Soyuz 7" transports into space 154 VASARELY prints specially created for such event. 1984/1990 Named Honorary Citizen of the City of New York. Delivers a series of lectures in the United States. Named "Officier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres" (1985) in France. Inauguration of the VASARELY Museum at the Zichy Château in Budapest (198 7). Promoted to the rank of "Grand Officier de l'Ordre du Mérite" in France. 1997 Dies in Paris, at the age of 91.

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    June 07, 2013 - June 22, 2013