Born in Le Havre, France, Jean Dubuffet is considered the founding father of Art Brut.

Rejecting traditional fundamentals of art and institutionalized culture, Dubuffet twice declared to leave the world of art before devoting himself full time in 1942. His interest in works of art produced by people working outside of aesthetic norms, such as children, prisoners and psychiatric patients, became the core of his artistic philosophy, and he remains one of the most controversial post-war French artists in history. Dubuffet’s oeuvre includes paintings, collages, sculptures and monuments.

Retrospectives of his works have been held at the Palazzo Grassi in Venice, the Tate Gallery in London, the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York.

1974 marked the end of Dubuffet’s highly esteemed ‘Hourloupe’ cycle, a twelve-year project that became the artist’s most formative series. During the last ten years of his life, Dubuffet made a series of works with coloured pencil and felt tip pen on paper. In the artist’s own words, these works were ‘excursions of the mind into no man’s land.’ Expanding his colour palette and revisiting collage techniques from earlier periods in his career, these more intimate drawings embody the artist’s signature structural approaches to colour and form.


Jean Dubuffet, Arab, gazelle and three palm trees, 1948
Jean Dubuffet, Bon Espoir (Paysage avec personnages), 1955
Jean Dubuffet, Elément bleu V, 1967
Jean Dubuffet, Elément bleu XII, 1967
Jean Dubuffet, Haute tête en pomme de terre 30 - 31 août, 1951
Jean Dubuffet, Homme, Femme et deux enfants, 1946
Jean Dubuffet, Milord, 1971
Jean Dubuffet, Paysage logologique, 1968
Jean Dubuffet, Personnage (P374), 1972
Jean Dubuffet, Siphonus, 1971
Jean Dubuffet, Site aléatoire avec un personnage, 1982
Jean Dubuffet, Site au Défunt, 1982
Jean Dubuffet, Site avec 3 personnages, 1981
Jean Dubuffet, Site avec 8 personnages, E 173, 13 juin 1981
Jean Dubuffet, Site avec un personnage, 1981
Jean Dubuffet, Tasse de thé I, 1967
Jean Dubuffet, Tasse de thé III (Orange Pékoé), 1965
Jean Dubuffet, Arabe en prière, 1948
Jean Dubuffet, Personnages XXIII, 1964
Jean Dubuffet, Sans titre (Table), 1951