Alexander CALDER


Alexander CALDER

Alexander Calder  was an American sculptor and painter born in Lawnton, Pennsylvania. In 1919, he received an engineering degree from Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey and from 1923 to 1925, he attended the Art Students League, New York.

Calder is widely considered to be one of the most important American sculptors of the 20th century. He is best known for innovative kinetic sculptures powered by air currents, the “mobiles” and his colorful, whimsical abstract monumental sculptures, or “stabile”. Although primarily known as a sculptor, Calder was a prodigious artist with a restless creative spirit, whose diverse practice included painting and printmaking, miniatures (such as his famous Cirque Calder), children’s book illustrations, theater set design, jewelry design, tapestries and rugs, and political posters.

Calder's public commissions are on view in cities all over the world and his work has been the subject of numerous museum exhibitions, including the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. (1998, traveled to San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, California); The Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C. (1998–99); Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford (2000); Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago (2000); Iwaki City Art Museum, Japan (2000, traveled to The Museum of Modern Art, Japan; Hokkaido Obihiro Museum of Art, Japan; The Museum of Art, Japan; Hiroshima Prefectural Art Museum, Japan; Nagoya City Art Museum, Japan); Storm King Art Center, New York (2001–03); Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao (2003, traveled to Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, through 2004); Foundation Beyeler, Switzerland (2004, traveled to Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C., through 2005); Los Angeles County Museum of Art, California (2013); Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam (2014); Fondation Beyeler, Basel (2014); Museo Jumex, Mexico City (2015); and Pulitzer Arts Foundation, Saint Louis (2015).


Alexander Calder, Black butterfly, 1969
Alexander Calder, Eagle and Fish, 1975
Alexander Calder, Joliette, 1975
Alexander Calder, Mirobolant, 1974
Alexander Calder, Red Octopus, 1971
Alexander Calder, Rocher au coeur rouge, 1974
Alexander Calder, Serpent vert, 1972
Alexander Calder, The Red Crescent, 1969
Alexander Calder, Untitled (maquette), circa 1975
Alexander Calder, Untitled, 1973
Alexander Calder, Untitled, 1974
Alexander Calder, Untitled, circa 1966
Alexander Calder, Cattails and yellow moon, 1968
Alexander Calder, Butterflies, 1964
Alexander Calder, Eve, 1973
Alexander Calder, Untitled, 1953
Alexander Calder, Untitled, 1971