Jean Dubuffet

Born in Le Havre in 1901, Jean Dubuffet is considered one of the founding fathers of Art Brut. Dubuffet attended local art classes from a young age and eventually moved to Paris to study at the Academie Julian. He left the academic world only after six months and met Raoul Dufy, Max Jacob, Fernand Leger and Suzanne Valadon, all of whom influenced his evolution as an artist. Dubuffet’s greatest impact however, stemmed from his interest in the teachings of Hans Prinzhorn’s analysis of psychopathic art created by asylum inmates and children, the degree of this impact was eventually visible throughout his lifetime of art. Dubuffet's art primarily features the resourceful exploitation of unorthodox materials. Many of Dubuffet's works are painted in oil paint using an impasto thickened by materials such as sand, tar and straw, giving the work an unusually textured surface. Dubuffet created the illusion of perspective by crudely overlapping objects within the picture plane. This method most directly contributed to the cramped effect of his works. From 1962 he produced a series of works in which he limited himself to the colours red, white, black, and blue. Towards the end of the 1960s he turned increasingly to sculpture, producing works in polystyrene which he then painted with vinyl paint. Dubuffet stopped painting in 1924 doubting the value of art and started working as an industrial draftsman, later moving on to take over the family wine business. Nevertheless by 1942, he committed himself to becoming an artist once again and held his first solo exhibition in Paris in 1944. Thrown into the limelight thanks to a retrospective at the Museum of Decorative Arts, Paris, in 1960, Dubuffet has become the most criticized and admired post-war French artist in history. Dubuffet’s work includes paintings, collages, sculptures and monuments, the most spectacular of which are part of an ensemble called L'Hourloupe (1962-1974), as well as real architectural constructions: the Closerie Falbala and Villa Falbala. Retrospectives of his works have been held at the Palais Grassi in Venice and at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York. His personal collection, the Art Brut Collection, including works by outcasts of all sorts, artists discovered in prisons, asylums, for example, and is currently on display at the Beaulieu Chateau in Lausanne, Switzerland.

  • Masters of Distinction

    Masters of Distinction


    September 16, 2016 - October 16, 2016

  • Informed - Art Informel and the Contemporary Structure

    Informed - Art Informel and the Contemporary Structure


    October 01, 2015 - October 22, 2015

  • Between Sky and Earth by Calder and Dubuffet

    Between Sky and Earth by Calder and Dubuffet


    September 24, 2015 - October 10, 2015

  • Icons of Art

    Icons of Art


    January 14, 2015 - February 04, 2015

  • Miró / Calder / Dubuffet

    Miró / Calder / Dubuffet


    October 14, 2014 - October 31, 2014

  • Icons of Art

    Icons of Art


    July 17, 2014 - August 31, 2014