ART movement

Modernism refers to an art movement that began at the start of the 20th century and ended during the 1960s. This new movement broke away from the artistic codes of the time, codes that had been in place since the Renaissance. Modernism was embodied by a new generation of artists whose work was characterized by a variety of styles and subject choices that flew in the face of accepted convention. While, generally speaking, it challenged a number of aesthetic principles, modernism ultimately gave rise to a variety of movements and styles. Fauvism was one of the first movements to emerge from modernism, captivating viewers with its pure and intense colors. Also associated with modern art is expressionism, characterized by an often tragic and primitive vision of the world, from which cubism would be inspired. Several other artistic movements are also linked to modernism, including constructivism, abstract art, surrealism and the Dada movement, founded in Switzerland during the First World War. Modern art also found expression in architecture and sculpture. Many artists, such as Lipchitz and Archipenko for example, drew inspiration from cubism and its geometric constructions. Primitive art also represented a source of inspiration for these modernist sculptors, who favored the use of basic forms and raw materials in their works. Impressionism takes its name from an expression used by the art critic Louis Leroy, following an exhibition organized in the studio of photographer – Nadar – in 1874. The journalist was an ardent critic of the movement initiated by a group of artists, symbolized by the painting entitled “Impression, soleil levant” by Claude Monet. Impressionism is not an accurate portrayal of nature but rather a subjective vision thereof. The artist no longer concerns himself with detail, abandoning shadow, precise lines and contours in favor of a fleeting impression. While impressionism was all about painting the outside, what sets impressionist art apart from landscape art is its capacity to capture the ephemeral. Impressionist works are rarely without a human presence, immortalized in a rural or urban setting. These scenes are brought to life and take on their full meaning through the use of intense colors and a juxtaposition of contrasting shades, the veritable symbol of impressionism. The impressionists upset established conventions and techniques, opting for rapid yet emphatic strokes. Impressionism attaches great importance to our perception of contrasts and light, something that is accurately expressed through the seasons: snow in winter, lush green fields in the summer and rain in the autumn, as in the painting by Gustave Caillebotte entitled “La Place de l'Europe, temps de pluie”.

Artists who represent Impressionist & Modern

  • Val de Falaise, 1885

    Claude Monet