Jean Metzinger

The Painter initiated the cubism movement.


Jean Metzinger (June 24, 1883) was a French painter. Initially the painter was influenced by Fauvism and Impressionism, but from 1908 he was associated with Cubism. Metzinger was a member of the Section d'Orgroup of artists. Certain pieces such as At the Cycle-Race track suggest speed and movement, ideas which are linked to the futurist movement. Together with Albert Gleizes, Metzinger created the first major treatise on Cubism, Du Cubisme.


The painter went from neo-impressionism to cubism.


His immediate success brought about the decision to leave the province and move to Paris where he could benefit from the fertile artistic world. He continued working in a neo-impressionist style, which he developed to mosaic-like color patterns between 1905 and 1908 - his first artistic peak. These late neo-impressionist paintings with their patches of color placed accurately one next to the other, already point towards Cubism: they reveal an inclination for construction and a clear structure. His style became increasingly geometric and his new artistic interpretations are influenced by painters such as Braque, Picasso works around 1909 finally document a move towards what was later referred to as analytical Cubism, but was initially rejected completely by the critics.